Read This Post

DITC-Listening:Technology and crime control part-1



Robyn Williams: Here's Peter Grabosky, Director of Research at the Australian Institute of Criminology in Canberra.

Peter Grabosky: Applications of technology to crime prevention are a fact of life in Australia. Remember the days before metal detectors became a fixture at airports? Most of us who drive cars have grown up since the advent of radar to detect speeding.

Well, as we begin the 21st century, our efforts to control crime will be boosted even further by new technologies. From improvements in locking and alarm systems, to new devices for location, identification and surveillance of offenders, to means of restraining people who pose a risk to themselves or to others, crime control will become easier.
But along with this new equipment come downside risks. Some technologies are vulnerable to excessive or inappropriate use, while others may have unintended consequences, such as the potential for harm to third parties.
Today I am going to talk about some of the new technologies which may be used for crime control. Because these should not be embraced uncritically, or used inappropriately, I'll discuss some of the principles which might accompany their place in a democratic society.
So first, we have technologies of surveillance and detection. Criminals try to avoid offending in places where they are likely to be noticed. Closed circuit television, or CCTV, can deter crime and can facilitate the identification of offenders in public places, as well as in commercial establishments. Infra red and light intensifying technologies can enhance the capacity of CCTV. CCTV evidence is often very convincing, and can increase the likelihood of a guilty plea, with consequent savings in court time and costs.
A variety of instruments for location and tracking have come onto the market as well. Today we can track the location of questionable import or export shipments, as well as persons on bail or probation, or individuals who may be subject to domestic violence restraining orders. What about your children, or your elderly relatives? Personal location systems may also be useful in looking after them too.
The detection of explosives and firearms has taken on new urgency in many nations threatened by crime or terrorism. Canadian authorities use vapour detectors for bomb detection at airports. Of course, x-ray analysis of luggage is now routine at airports around the world.
New devices, based on radar, ultrasound and magnetic imaging, are currently under development for the detection of concealed weapons. These would permit law enforcement officers to detect weapons at a distance, without the necessity of 'frisking' a suspect.
Drug detection has become a fertile area for technological development. From specially bred and trained 'sniffer dogs' to infra-red spectroscopy, new methods permit the identification of illicit substances or of ingredients used in their manufacture.
Perhaps the most significant development in forensic science since the fingerprint is DNA testing. Not only has this technology been used to conclusively establish the guilt of a suspect, but it has also served to exonerate subjects of investigation and even persons who have been convicted of crimes which they did not commit.
And finally, we have technologies of restraint.
We are all familiar with motor vehicle airbags. Under normal circumstances, it can be difficult to control suspects who become unruly when being transported in a police vehicle. Police officers can now activate a rear-seat airbag from the front seat of a vehicle. The airbag inflates, and restrains the rear seat passenger until he or she can be properly subdued.
Then there is sound, which can be used for crowd control. Noxious noise can be used to disperse violent crowds, or to guide them to prescribed locations.
Light may also be used to incapacitate. Portable strobe lights can distract or disorient the suspect and may cause temporary visual impairment.
References :
  1.  www.ditc.net.au
  2. www.indowebster.com

Do Your Best, Share Our Article

Related Posts

No Response to "DITC-Listening:Technology and crime control part-1"

Posting Komentar